Cameroon is a country in Central Africa. It is bordered by Nigeria to the west and north; Chad to the northeast; the Central African Republic to the east; and Equatorial Guinea, Gabon and the Republic of the Congo to the south. Cameroon's coastline lies on the Bight of Biafra, part of the Gulf of Guinea and the Atlantic Ocean. Cameroon is home to over 250 native languages.
The official languages of Cameroon are French and English, the official languages of former colonial French Cameroons and British Cameroons respectively.
The population total in Cameroon was 25,216,267 in 2018. The life expectancy is 56 years (55.9 years for males and 58.6 years for females).
The country is well known for its native styles of music, particularly Makossa and Bikutsi, and for its successful national football team.
Unemployment was estimated at 4.4% in 2014, and about a third of the population was living below the international poverty threshold of US$1.25 a day in 2009. Since the late 1980s, Cameroon has been following programmes advocated by the World Bank and International Monetary Fund (IMF) to reduce poverty, privatise industries, and increase economic growth.